By Rikin Trivedi
Atherosclerosis represents the major reason for mortality and morbidity on the earth. of the most typical, critical, illnesses that could happen, acute myocardial infarction and stroke, have their pathogenesis within the atherosclerosis that can have an effect on the coronary arteries in addition to the carotid/intra-cranial vessels. as a result, some time past there has been an intensive examine in settling on pre-clinical atherosclerotic illnesses for you to plan the proper therapeutical technique ahead of the pathological occasions happen. within the final two decades imaging concepts and specifically Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance had a huge development of their capability. within the box of the Computed Tomography the advent of the multi-detector-row know-how and extra lately using twin power and multi-spectral imaging presents a beautiful point of anatomic aspect. The MR due to using power magnetic box and intensely complicated sequences can photograph human vessels in a short time whereas providing a good distinction solution.
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Extra resources for 3D Imaging Technologies in Atherosclerosis
Principles of CT: radiation dose and image quality. J Nucl Med Technol. 2007; 35(4):213–25. 18. The 2007 recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP; 2007 publication 103. id=ICRP%20Publication% 20103). 19. Mettler Jr FA, Huda W, Yoshizumi TT, Mahesh M. Effective doses in radiology and diagnostic nuclear medicine: a catalog. Radiology. 2008;248(1):254–63. Tamm PD et al. CT radiation dose reduction: how to implement change without sacrificing diagnostic quality.
The CT average effective doses range from 2 mSv of a head CT-scan to 16 mSv for a coronary angiography (Table 2). It is important remembering that these values are very important, because 26 M. Porcu et al. 2 Levey AS, Coresh J, Balk E, et al. National Kidney Foundation practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease: evaluation, classification, and stratification. Ann Intern Med. 2003;139:137–47 Mettler FA Jr, Huda W, Yoshizumi TT, Mahesh M. Effective doses in radiology and diagnostic nuclear medicine: a catalog.
Severe reactions (life threatening management required): altered mental status, glottis edema, anaphylactic shock, cardio-pulmonary arrest. There are no secure data about the frequency of the acute adverse reactions after the intravascular administration of non-ionic iodinate contrast agent, but in several studies it is comprise between 5 and 15 % of all patent. Although a serious acute adverse reactions could be happen in subjects with no history of allergies, during the anamnesis it is important to investigate if the patient is atopic, if in the past he has had adverse reaction to iodinate contrast agents or any allergen, identifying the triggering substances and specifying which kind of reactions occurred after the contact.
3D Imaging Technologies in Atherosclerosis by Rikin Trivedi